Survival for kidney cancer (2024)

Survival depends on many factors. No one can tell you exactly how long you willlive.

Below are general statistics based on large groups of people. Remember, they can’t tell you what will happen in your individual case.

Your doctor can give you more information about your own outlook (prognosis). You can also talk about this with the Cancer Research UK information nurses on freephone 0808 800 4040, from 9am to 5pm, Monday to Friday.

About these statistics

The terms 1 year survival and 5 year survival don't mean that you will only live for 1 or 5 years.

The NHS, other health organisations, and researchers collect information. They watch what happens to people with cancer in the years after their diagnosis. 5 years is a common time point to measure survival. But some people live much longer than this.

5 year survival is the number of people who have not died from their cancer within 5 years after diagnosis.

Survival by stage

There are no UK-wide statistics available for kidney cancer survival by stage.

Survival statistics are available for each stage of kidney cancer in England. These figures are for people diagnosed between 2016 and 2020.

Stage 1

Almost 90 out of 100 people (almost 90%) with stage 1 kidney cancer will survive their cancer for 5 years or more after they’re diagnosed.

Stage 2

Around 75 out of 100 people (around 75%) with stage 2 kidney cancer will survive their cancer for 5 years or more after they’re diagnosed.

Stage 3

Around 75 out of 100 people (around 75%) with stage 3 kidney cancer will survive their cancer for 5 years or more after they’re diagnosed.

Stage 4

Around 15 out of 100 people (around 15%) with stage 4 kidney cancer will survive their cancer for 5 years or more after they’re diagnosed.

You can view survival figures for Wales and Northern Ireland on our early diagnosis pages. Survival statistics for Scotland are not available.

Where this information comes from

Survival for all stages of kidney cancer

Generally for people with kidney cancer in England:

  • around 80 out of 100 people (around 80%) survive their cancer for 1 year or more
  • more than 65 out of 100 people (more than 65%) survive their cancer for 5 years or more
  • more than 50 out of 100 people (more than 50%) survive their cancer for 10 years or more

Where this information comes from

What affects survival

Your outlookdepends on the stage of the kidney cancer when it was diagnosed. This means how big it is and whether it has spread.

The type of cancer and the grade of the cancer cells can also affect your survival. Grade means how abnormal the cells look under a microscope.

  • Read about the types and grades of kidney cancer

Other factors that affect your outlook include your age and how well you are overall. Doctors have a way of measuring your general health. They call it your performance status. They look at:

  • how active you are
  • if you can look after yourself
  • if you can carry out housework or physical work

It is important your doctor knows your performance status if you havekidney cancer. This is because the cancer can cause general symptoms like a high temperature (fever), weight loss and extreme tiredness. These can affect your general health. People who do not have these symptoms have a better outlook than people who do have these symptoms.

  • Find out more about performance status

More statistics

For more in-depth information about survival and kidney cancer, go to our Cancer Statistics section.

  • Read more kidney cancer statistics
Survival for kidney cancer (2024)
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